German Architect and Interior Designer Peter Behrens (1868-1940 ) was a proponent of artist involvement in many area, and his design career was one of continuing simplifications, moving from a classical vocabulary to modern vocabulary that yet retained a classical basis.
In addition to designing buildings and interiors, he was an educator and an artist producing paintings and woodcuts. As artistic advisor to the giant German electric company AEG, he created not only architecture and interiors, but also graphic design and wide array of product designs.
Apprentices in Behrens Berlin office included three young men who would be largely responsible for the modern movement : Walter Gropius , Ludwig Mies ven Rohe , and Le Corbusie . Among Behrens works are the 1909 AEG Turbine Factory in Berlin (Fig. 21-6 ) , a no-nonsense utilitarian structure of brick and steel that still echoes the form and bearing of a classical temple , and the 1912 German Embassy in St.Petersburg, Russia , on which the young Mies worked.
SOURCE LINK: http://interiordesigningweb.com/architect-and-interior-designer-peter-behrens/
Elsie De Wolfe: Author of The House In Good Taste
Elsie De Wolfe (1865-1950) turned to interior design as a profession in 1904.
The following year Stanford White of McKim, Mead & White arranged for her to design the interiors of New York’s new Colony Club, a club open only to women. Decorators ( including De Wolf ) had done residential interiors before, but it was a breakthrough for a decorator to design a public interior, as this work was traditionally done by architects or antique dealers.
“I am going to make everything around me beautiful – that will be my life.”
― Elsie De Wolfe
De Wolfe’s interiors for the club were painted in light color. She furnished the rooms with light, movable chair and tables and colorful chintz’s.
The club’s tearoom(fig.21-2) was treated as a conservatory with green painted trellis work on the walls, a tile floor, and wicker furniture. The look was not yet modern, but it was fresh and pleasant.
De Wolfe is sometimes called the first professional interior designer, and she was also an eclectic, that if, she chose freely among elements of different style.
A shrewd and sensible designs, her three word philosophy still garners respect: “ Simplicity, Suitability, and Proportion”.
SOURCE LINK: http://interiordesigningweb.com/the-first-professional-interior-designer-elsie-de-wolfe/